One of my personal hero's in my 'Ancient Alien' theory is Mr. Zecharia Sitchin. His work (and books) greatly influenced me AFTER I had already read the bible, and discovered that I was an Ancient Alien believer.
Zecharia Sitchin was born in the Azerbaijan SSR, but was raised in Mandatory Palestine. He received a degree in economics from the University of London, and was an editor and journalist in Israel, before moving to New York in 1952. While working as an executive for a shipping company, he taught himself Sumerian cuneiform and visited several archaeological sites.
Zecharia Sitchin (Russian: Заха́рия Си́тчин; July 11, 1920 – October 9, 2010) was a Russian-born American author of books proposing an explanation for human origins involving ancient astronauts. Sitchin attributed the creation of the ancient Sumerian culture to the Anunnaki, which he stated was a race of extraterrestrials from a planet beyond Neptune called Nibiru. He believed this hypothetical planet of Nibiru to be in an elongated, elliptical orbit in the Earth's own Solar System, asserting that Sumerian mythology reflects this. Sitchin's books have sold millions of copies worldwide and have been translated into more than 25 languages.
According to Sitchin, Nibiru (called "the twelfth planet" because,
Sitchin claimed, the Sumerians' gods-given conception of the Solar
System counted all eight planets, plus Pluto, the Sun and the Moon) was
the home of a technologically advanced human-like extraterrestrial race called the Anunnaki in Sumerian myth, who Sitchin states are called the Nephilim in Genesis.
He wrote that they evolved after Nibiru entered the solar system, and
they first arrived on Earth probably 450,000 years ago, looking for
minerals, especially gold, which they found and mined in Africa. Sitchin states that these "gods" were the rank-and-file workers of the colonial expedition to Earth from planet Nibiru.
Since the release of his first book The 12th Planet in 1976, now in its 45th printing, Sitchin wrote seven other books as part of his Earth Chronicles series, as well as six other companion books, all of which are still in print as of 2012. Sitchin's books sold millions of copies worldwide and have been published in more than 25 languages. New York Times reporter Corey Kilgannon noted that despite academic dismissal of his work, Sitchin had "a devoted following of readers".
Critic Michael S. Heiser called Sitchin "arguably the most important proponent of the ancient astronaut hypothesis over the last several decades".
According to critic and author Jason Colavito, "Zecharia Sitchin is one
of the most famous proponents of the ancient astronaut theory today,
second only to the father of the theory, Erich von Däniken, in
importance to true believers". Sitchin was a frequent guest on the Coast to Coast AM radio show, which in 2010 presented Sitchin with a lifetime achievement award. Gods of the New Millennium author Alan F. Alford
admits he initially became "infatuated" with Sitchin's hypotheses but
later became a critic of Sitchin's interpretations of myth.
According to some writers, Sitchin's ideas along with those of Erich
von Däniken may have influenced the beliefs of the religious sect of Raëlism, and writer Mark Pilkington sees the mythology of Japan's Pana Wave religious group as rooted in Sitchin's The 12th Planet and its sequels.
The 1994 movie Stargate, directed by Roland Emmerich, and the 2009 video game The Conduit drew some conceptual inspiration from Sitchin's ideas, while screenwriter Roberto Orci says the villains of the film Cowboys & Aliens were inspired by Sitchin's conceptualization of the Anunnaki as gold-mining aliens.
Sitchin's "planetary collision" hypothesis does superficially resemble one suggested by modern astronomers - the giant impact hypothesis of the Moon's
formation about 4.5 billion years ago by a body impacting with the
newly formed Earth. However, Sitchin's proposed series of rogue
planetary collisions differ in both details and timing. As with Immanuel Velikovsky's earlier Worlds in Collision
thesis, Sitchin states that he has found evidence of ancient human
knowledge of rogue celestial motions in a variety of mythological
accounts. In Velikovsky's case, these interplanetary collisions were
supposed to have taken place within the span of human existence, whereas
for Sitchin these occurred during the early stages of planetary
formation, but entered the mythological account passed down via the
alien race which purportedly evolved on Nibiru after these encounters.
According to former Immanuel Velikovsky assistant turned prolific critic, C. Leroy Ellenberger,
"[Sitchin states that] from an equal start, the Nephilim evolved on
Nibiru 45 million years ahead of comparable development on Earth with
its decidedly more favorable environment. Such an outcome is unlikely,
to say the least, since Nibiru would spend over 99% of its time beyond
Pluto. Sitchin's explanation that heat from radioactive decay and a
thick atmosphere keep Nibiru warm is absurd and does not address the
problem of darkness in deep space. Also unexplained is how the Nephilim,
who evolved long after Nibiru arrived, knew what happened when Nibiru
first entered the solar system."
The scenario outlined by Sitchin, with Nibiru returning to the inner solar system regularly every 3,600 years, implies an orbit with a semi-major axis of 235 astronomical units,
extending from the asteroid belt to twelve times farther beyond the sun
than Pluto. Elementary perturbation theory indicates that, under the
most favorable circumstances of avoiding close encounters with other
planets, no body with such an eccentric orbit would keep the same period
for two consecutive passages. Within twelve orbits the object would be
either ejected or converted to a short period object. Thus, the failed
search for a trans-Plutonian planet by T.C. Van Flandern, of the U.S. Naval Observatory, which Sitchin uses to bolster his thesis, is no support at all.
Sitchin in "the case of Adam’s alien genes"
states that 223 genes found by the Human Genome Sequencing Consortium
are without the required predecessors on the genomic evolutionary tree.
Later researchers have argued that the conclusion from the Human Genome
Sequencing Consortium cannot be drawn due to a lack of a comprehensive
gene database for comparison. An analysis by Salzberg
identified 40 potential genes laterally transferred into the genome
from prokaryotic organisms. Salzberg also argues that gene loss combined
with sample size effects and evolutionary rate variation provide an
alternative, more biologically plausible explanation.
Peter James, co-author of the controversial book Centuries of Darkness, has criticized Sitchin both for ignoring the world outside Mesopotamia and more specifically for misunderstanding Babylonian literature.
For more information regarding Zecharia Satchin, you can visit his website: http://www.sitchin.com/
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