The national flag of Pakistan (Urdu: پاکستان کا قومی پرچم—Pākistān kā Qaumī Pārčam) was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly on August 11, 1947, just three days before the country's independence, when it became the official flag of the Dominion of Pakistan. It was afterwards retained by the current-day Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The flag is a green field with a white crescent moon and five-rayed star at its center, and a vertical white stripe at the hoist side. Though the green color is mandated only as 'dark green', its official and most consistent representation is Pakistan green, which is shaded distinctively darker. The flag was designed by Amiruddin Kidwai, and is based on the All-India Muslim League flag.
The flag is referred to in the national anthem as پرچم ستاره وہلال—Parčam-e Sitārah o-Hilāl (lit. Flag of the Crescent and Star). It is flown on several important days of the year including Republic Day and Independence Day.
A designer named Amiruddin Kidwai studied the League’s flag, as he
tried to design a flag for a new, independent nation. Finally he arrived
at a design, and he presented it to the men who would run the new
Pakistan government. The Pakistan government adopted his design on
August 11, 1947. The Pakistan government has pronounced rules about the
flying of the Pakistan flag. The government has called for display of
the flag at full mast on March 23 of each year. That display recognizes
both the adoption of the Lahore Resolution
in 1940 and the Declaration of the Republic of Pakistan in 1956. Flag
raisers in Pakistan also make a point of hoisting the flag each year on
the fourteenth day of August. That is considered to be Pakistan’s Independence Day. Pakistan was carved out from British India as a home to Indian Muslims.
Before the Second World War, Muslims and Hindus lived together under the British Raj. A number of the Muslims formed the All India Muslim League. After the Second World War, when the partition of India led to the creation of Dominion of Pakistan, the flag of the Muslim League served as the basis for the flag of Pakistan.
The green represents Islam and the majority Muslims in Pakistan and the white stripe represents religious minorities and minority religions. In the centre, the crescent and star symbolizes progress and light respectively. The flag symbolizes Pakistan's commitment to Islam and the rights of religious minorities. It is based on the original flag of the Muslim League, which itself drew inspiration from the flag of the Sultanate of Delhi and the Mughal Empire in India and the flag of the Ottoman Empire.
The official design of the national flag was adopted by the
Constituent Assembly together with a definition of the features and
According to the specifications it is a dark green rectangular flag in the proportion of length and width as 3:2
with a white vertical bar at the mast, the green portion bearing a
white crescent in the center and a five-pointed white heraldic star. The
size of the white portion is one quarter the size of the flag,
nearest the mast, so the green portion occupies the remaining three
The use of the national flag is regulated by the Pakistan Flag Rules, which were introduced in 2002 by Prime Minister Zafarullah Khan Jamali.
The Rules are not available online but there have been instances of
misuse such as officials using flags on their vehicles when they are not
entitled to do so. The national flag is flown on the official residences and vehicles (cars, boats, planes) of the following public officials.
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